Dr Robert Sapolsky's lectures on human behavioral biology (available on Youtube) are an excellent starting point for anyone wanting to understand the details of how our species is hardwired (particularly with reference to the frontal cortex and its deeply complex interactions with the limbic system) and how this hardwiring then interacts with environmental factors to drive behaviors including things like "self control."

Anyone who enjoys my articles here on Medium may be interested in my books Why Democracy Failed and The Praying Ape, both available from Amazon.