Why we can’t trust our intuition to guide us
Imagine an animal that lives in a world of movable squares. Some squares are black and some are white. As the animal moves across the squares its brain begins to register a pattern. Most of the time, when two black squares appear one after the other followed by a white square, underneath the white square is a pellet of food. So the pattern is: B->B->W = food (most of the time).